The monitoring and regulation of children in part time employment falls within the remit of Walsall Children's Services / the local authority under legislation dating back to the Children and Young Persons Act 1933, and Byelaws re-published in 1999.
The regulations cover all children of compulsory school age who are employed in the borough of Walsall. The rules do not end as soon as the child is 16 but apply until the last Friday in June in the school year they become 16. They apply to all work undertaken on behalf of a commercial business, including the parent's own business, whether or not the child is paid for the work they do.
No child may be employed under the age of 13.
Type of work
The kind of work which children can do is tightly controlled by national and local regulations. All work must be light duties only and not interfere with the child's education. 13 year olds can only undertake part time employment in accordance with the Byelaws published in 1999.
Many kinds of work are prohibited to all children and include work in:
- factories and other industrial undertakings
- the sale or delivery of alcohol
- betting and gaming
- the preparation of food in any commercial kitchen (chip shop, burger bar, cafe etc)
- collecting money or canvassing door to door
- work involving exposure to adult material
- telephone sales
- fairgrounds and amusement arcades
- personal care of residents in nursing homes etc
- street trading
This is not the full list. If there is any question of the work being illegal, dangerous or otherwise prohibited, further information may be requested before a work permit is issued.
Hours of work
No child may work before 7am or after 7pm on any day, including school holidays.
A child may work a maximum of 2 hours. This can be either 2 hours after school, or 1 hour before school and 1 hour after the close of school, subject to the earliest start and finishing times defined above.
Saturdays and in school holidays
- children aged 13/14 can work up to 5 hours per day (maximum 25 per week)
- children aged 15/16 can work up to 8 hours per day (maximum 35 per week)
No child may work longer than 4 hours without having a break.
All children engaged in employment the whole year must have a 2-week consecutive break from that employment at either Easter or during the summer period when schools are closed.
A child may only work a maximum of 2 hours between 7am and 7pm.
Children in entertainment
Walsall Children's Services and the local authority have a duty to licence children from pre school to their compulsory leaving age to take part in TV, modelling, theatre performances or sporting activities. This is regulated and monitored and permission to take part is granted under either a performance licence or exemption certificate (an exemption to the performance regulations usually applies to schools or for performances that involve children who have not previously performed on four or more occasions prior to the commencedment of a production).
Further information regarding all aspects of child employment and for children taking part in performances may be obtained in the first instance from John Campbell on 01922 652860.
In situations where children or an individual child are involved in performance activites they should at all times be cared for by a licensed and approved chaperone.
A licensing authority must approve a person to be a chaperone to:
(a) have care and control of a child
(b) to safeguard, support and promote the wellbeing of the child whilst the child is taking part in an activity, performance or rehearsal
A person wishing to be approved as a chaperone should apply to the local authority in which they reside.
Further information regarding all aspects of child employment and for children taking part in performances may be obtained in the first instance by contacting John Campbell using the details below.
Education Welfare Service
Walsall Children's Services
Education Development Centre
Telephone: 01922 652860
Contact John Campbell by email