The council is required to take archaeology into consideration as a material consideration when determining planning application.
Information on all known archaeological sites and finds in Walsall is included in the Black Country Sites and Monuments Record (BCSMR), located at Wolverhampton City Council. The archaeology of Walsall ranges from finds of flint tools dating back to the Mesolithic period, around 10,000 years ago, to 20th
century industrial structures. There are currently around 1, 500 records for Walsall within the SMR.
Where a proposed development is likely to affect archaeology the council may require further information before determining an application. This may be required in the form of a desk based study or an archaeological evaluation. In order to protect the archaeological remains it is sometimes necessary to modify proposals or carry out an excavation before development takes place.
National Policy, as contained within PPSI: Planning for The Historic Environment, Annex 2, defines Archaeological Interest as: "An interest in carrying out an expert investigation at some point in the future into the evidence a heritage asset may hold of past human activity. Heritage assets with archaeological interest are the primary source of evidence about the substance and evolution of places, and of the people and cultures that made them. These heritage assets are part of a record of the past that begins with traces of early humans and continues to be created and destroyed".
Download the council's policy on archaeology (Adopted UDP Policy ENV25 "Archaeology" 2005), which states:
" The council will promote the conservation, protection and enhancement of the archaeological heritage of Walsall and, where appropriate, its interpretation and presentation to the public. "
This will include: scheduled monuments, other historic land of national importance (including land registered as of special historic interest) and their immediate settings; sites and monuments of archaeological significance; sites and buildings of industrial archaeological significance, in this context Walsall Council has identified areas within the borough that are of potential importance to archaeology. This should not be taken as a definitive list of the only potential archaeological sites in the Borough, but should be taken as a guide for the areas concerned. Please contact either the Black Country Archaeologist at Wolverhampton for details of these.
As well as these areas of potential archaeology, Walsall also has five Scheduled Ancient Monuments. These are offered protection under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. Scheduled Ancient Monument Consent is required for any works on or too the monument. It is a criminal offence to carry out works to an Ancient Monument without obtaining Scheduled Ancient Monument Consent.
Anyone wishing to find out whether proposals are likely to have archaeological implications or who wishes to consult the Black Country Sites and Monuments Record should contact the Black Country Archaeologist using the contact details below.
Black Country Archaeologist
Wolverhampton City Council
Regeneration and Environment
St Peter’s Square